Marielle Debos is Associate Professor in Political Science at the University Paris Nanterre and a member of the Institute for Social Sciences of Politics (ISP). Before her appointment at Nanterre, she was a Marie Curie fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research interests include armed conflicts in Africa, state formation, identification and citizenship, with a focus on Chad. She is the author of Living by the Gun in Chad: Combatants, Impunity and State Formation, published by Zed Books (October 2016). Her new research supported by the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) focuses on biometric voter registration in Africa.